INCLUSION, EQUALITY AND DIVERSITY IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Access and Equity to TVET
Various initiatives are set forth to reach out to the public and attract students to develop skills through TVET as smaller number of male students are interested to further studies in the academic stream. Data show that more male students are inclined to further studies in TVET as compared to female in 2017. Highlighting the significance of TVET in nation building, Malaysia determines to leverage on TVET as the tool to empower the community through penetrating not only the general public which consist of 40% low income population, but also the marginalised and vulnerable groups which include people with disabilities and the indigenous groups in Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah and Sarawak. Special entry programs to formal TVET, such as through providing special skills certificates, pre-diploma and stackable modules are provided. Apart from that, the non-formal TVET programmes are also offered and delivered to the public and industries by the Community Colleges, Polytechnics and Malaysian Technical University Network (MTUN) through extensive range of Lifelong Learning Programmes and Islamic Lifelong Learning Programmes. The development of talents from all walks of life will contribute to better productivity and higher quality of the delivery which will, subsequently, benefit the market and consumers locally and globally.
By providing access and equity to TVET, the issues that will be addressed are related to : 1. Male students are more interested to further studies in TVET as compared to the academic stream. In the case of Malaysia, 62.1% of the students studying at the public universities are female, but only 38.6% (5.7 million) of the working population in Malaysia (14.7 million) are female (Department of Statistics Malaysia, 2016); 2. The empowerment of 40% low income population by equipping them with skills; 3. The empowerment of persons with disablities; and 4. The empowerment of the indigenous groups.
Prof Dato’ Ts. Dr. Mohd Ismail Bin Abdul Aziz
Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education
Ministry of Education
Prof. Dato’ Ts. Dr. Mohd Ismail is the director general of the Department of Polytechnic and Community College Education, Ministry of Education Malaysia. He was previously the Deputy Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs and Alumni at UTM. He is an applied mathematician specializing in dynamic optimisation methods.