TRANSNATIONAL HIGHER EDUCATION AND 21st CENTURY EDUCATION
The Asian Dream: changing patterns for the international education industry
This paper investigates how the regionalisation initiatives and the strategic alliances (e.g. the Asian Universities Alliance) challenge the western-centric underpinnings of IoHE, and reshape the power dynamics in the international education industry. The interplay between demographic changes, capital accumulation and redistribution, and the growing higher education capacity at the former source regions change the academic mobility patters. The Asian nations have a strong commitment to IoHE including the intra-regional talent recruitment/circulation/retention, capacity building, and research collaborations (Chapman and Chien 2014; Knight 2014; British Council 2016; Oxford University 2017). Regional collaboration and competition are the counter-trends having a significant impact on the Pan-Asian segment of the international education industry. The world-class universities and education hubs in China, Singapore, South Korea, and Malaysia attract an increasing number of students (Knight 2014) and engage in the competition not only among themselves but with the major English-speaking destinations. Additionally, the growing economic power of Asian nations holds a promise for better employability for the international students for the international students willing to study in Asia. This paper considers the abovementioned trends from the Global Studies perspective to investigate whether they hold a promise for measurable economic growth in the region.
This paper discusses the current perspectives on IoHE and the changing mobility trends in Pan-Asia. Drawing on the research across the fields of IoHE, international relations, and global studies, it is concerned with the following questions:
1. How relevant are the western-centric theoretical perspectives on IoHE in the Pan-Asian context?
2. What are the key trends affecting the changes in the mobility patterns in Asia?
3. Do shifting academic mobility patterns reflect the changing power dynamics?
4. Can we measure is the impact of the changing academic mobility patterns on the economic growth in the Pan-Asian region?
Ms Svetlana Kostrykina
the University of Auckland
A Global Studies Administrator pursuing a doctorate degree at the University of Auckland, (New Zealand), and the recipient of the Universitas 21 Graduate Collaborative Research Award 2017. Her research and professional interests are the international education industry, the knowledge economy IoHE, Global Studies and changing mobility patterns in Asia-Pacific.